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Las diagrammas suivants illuatrant la mathoda. 2 3 5 6 MICBOCOWf RESOLUTION TKT CHART (ANSI and ISO TEST CHART No. 2) A -APPLIED IfVMGF 1653 East Moin Street (716) 482 - 0300 - Phone (716) 288 - 5989 - Fox AN AD DEJ.IVE] E. M. MacD At Chicago, Nov Nearly a thousand Scots and their friends filled the gold room of tl e Congress hotel, Chicago, on the even- ing of Tuesday, November 30th, on the occasion of the 70th St. Andrew's day banquet, under the auspices of the Illinois St. Andrew society. "Distinguished men from both sides of the boundary," says The Canadian American, "grace:! the speaker's table, and contributed to a flow of oratory tbat for fluency and sparkle has sel- /i A.DDRESS ^ J.IVERED BY / ^^ icDonald, M. P., " November 30, J9J5. their if it e even- h. on Irew's es of sides adian table, atory i sel- dom been equalled at any British-Am- erican function. Here were seated folk of national repute like Hon. Joseph G. Cannon, veteran ex-speaker of the house of representatives; Hon. Richard D. Waugh, mayor of Winni- peg; Hon. t:. M. Maedonald, of Pictou, •Nova Scotia; Hon. -Colin McRat Selph, postmaster of St. Louis; Hon. .Tames Schermerhorn. editor of tb*» Detroit Times, and Hon. William Hale Thompson, mayor of Chicago." A whirlwind of cheering and ap- ^^^^pUuBe ghook the banquet hall, when at a dramatics moment the chief mag- JstrateH of chkago and Winnipeg Hlioo : handH a.roH8 the table In token of the mutual good will and fraternity that have never been so strong as to- day In the minds of the citizens of do- minion and ripubllc. Toastmaeter Sclph In Introducing the orator from Nova Scotia said now'saldTh„n'H''^ """« '" y"" J"«t now said that I had made a rollKlouH society out of you tonlpht: he accS "•«°' relying upon the BlWo* Wcll <f I dli. r told the truth, bec^nuso I o ma-^e ycu both laurh and crj^^'aid rtolh.r."""*' •'^''" "•""• R^trolt. can 'o that to n man In Chicpgo. It iL iro '3'" now and go a little further norJi from Detroit; we will s„ ln».. tlio Old Dominion. I pfes^m to you tonight, gentlemen, the HoJ- mpth ^^'''^''^ M. M^cdonald a member of parliament of the Old Do- minion In addition to that d stln^- uishe 1 honor he beam th.t of honorafv ieutenant colonel of the 78th Hleh- lanr'ers. There Is a bond of synpafhy The' nffol'rf '''' O"* DomirS and in^h fl.^'''*^'' ^^f' 't is exemplified lave tho'h"^"*'''^^^ gentleman ? now ?Arplause'r°'' °' '^''^^^''''^^ '° ^O"- Mr. Macdona J. who v/as received with immense applause and cheering spoke as follows: that I should mention to you the fact that I am a Scotchmau. You would not recognize It by my voire as vou would by the voice of my fri'end. ^he Mayor of Winnipeg, becaurc thero iS .h ! .'i.'""'.""" *"*"'« **"♦"'' never falls hat the lowland Scotchman bears the Impress of the motherland by the burr of his tongue which will always be recognized. You would know that I donald who hns not been a Scotchman; h we who aM- of the Highland race flM.M. of us who cher-sh the ancestry of the men who lived in the barren western highlands, we by some In" rcrutable rule of Providence are not able to carry with us the impress of the mother tongue as .'o the men who are the lowlandcrs. And I come to you tc night .IS n representative of many men who:^e fathers in the olden Iffn!. '2"*IV "'' ^"""'^ Pi-^nt^e t:harlle "hen Scotland was at war for Scot- land 8 sake. Mr Toastmaster, gentlemen, fellow- nieht^s?o^ "^^ ""* ^""'y to'you to- Ke St Ann'^'^'^o*". *^« gentlemen or the St. Andrew Society of Chlcaen fZ JrMf^P ^°^ ^'"'^e'-e thanSs fo? mf fn^*'J!°°°'" ^^*^h they have paid fmJ ♦h^"'^"!u"''' ^« ^ brother Scot from the northern half of this contin- fhio r° ^i*""® ''^'■^ *"n*8ht to Join in this festive gathering and to enjoy this splendid banquet. I am sure that every one of us up to this moment has enjoyed every second of this nigK festivity; and I want to say to you that after hearing the eloquent speech" es from my friend, the Mo.yor of w^J n.peg. and the dlstinguiched journal- ist from Detroit. I think It is but rlSt From New Scotland. tJr 'i'^'". V' ^"'i ^''°" « part "' the fair Dominion of Canada, to which I am NO proud to belong, which bears a spec.al cJistlnction in commemo- ration of the old la Id. that far-away place, three ('ays' journey from here, the most eastern part of this contin- ent,— New Scotland. Nova Scotia I come from a portion of that fair do- minion where came the men who so many years ago fought for the lost hV^f^', ^^^ "^" '^•'o '^ere inspired by their devotion to the Stuart family and who In the great di^ys long since gone once governed Scotland. And I am glad to say to you that I see rLi "^°i "® ** t'^'s gathering a representative of the clan. They came to this;^ new Scotland and they have through all the Intervening years pre- served their devotion to the language, to the mstitutions. to the story and the ^entiment which has dominated the fr!l.J^l"^/^''^i ^"'^ they cherish it today, just as they did one hundred and nrty years ago. because in that new Scotland we are proud of the fact that there are more Highlanders today than there are to be found in old Scotland between John O'Groats and Oban. UepreMcntN Cunadian Scots. I come to you not as my friend the *' . Mayor of Winnipeg iloeH. from MelroRc Miltcy. with ali Its illstlnKUlshod IiIk- tory and Uh wealth of wonderful stories, but I come to you as the reo- re«eiitatlve of the Highlanders of Can- a'.a. on behalf of forty-five thounan' Scots— and representing, as I bellivc iiiore Scotchmen than any other man In the Parliament of the Dominion I want to Eay to you that I represent my friend. John Crcrar; you all k-""- hfm. Crerar belongs to the wronsr H 'e of politics. The good old con- stituency of Plctou has done me the honor of electing mo to represent It In the legislative halls of my country for nineteen years, and I perhaps misrepresent Crerar in Ottawa. But 1 am here largely on account of the f.'ct. I feel sure, that this old Pic- tonian friend of mine was good enough to suggest to you Scotchmen of Chi- cago that the representative of his old home constituency, being a Scotch- man, might be asked to join you in celebrating St. Andrew's Day. Million Men From Laud of Heather. I come to you representing not only that part of the fair dominion, but representing one million sons of the old land, of the men who came from the land of the heath anrt the heather and wht in our land of lae mountain and the ike and the land of rushing river cherish with the same devotion as you. the sons of that same old land M fi' *!?f ^■'adltions. all the romance, all the history, the song and the in- spiration which has carried the Scotchman to success wherever he has gone throughout this wide world And coming here as I do to you to- n<ght. an'l speakinp. as I em asked to do, to this toast of our dominion to the north. I am proud to say to you that the Scotchmen in Canada have always borne a foremost place In the forty-eight years of our national hls- story. Macdonald I'lrst Premier. During twenty-nine years of that time Scotchmen have ruled In Canada. The first great premier of our country was a MacDonald; he laid the founda- tions of our future; broad and strong are those foundations and upon them we look forward with confidence and certainty to the future of our destiny Following him was MacKenzic, a Highlander, too; and then again was ^m^son. like the nan.e of your Rood niayor. I aitkod your good mayor t..- ntght whether he was a Scucnmcn; I told hfm there was a song we had. which you all know about Jock Taompson s bairns, and I caid to him .at ■•omov.her. in his genealogy he must trace his anco;;try back there. There are a groat many delunions in regard to the (luoctlon of the free- J.'i'if /'■'m.''""''"'"" "' "»'•«• and to u.ilch I will refer later, but for the 111 -ment I want to emphasize the fact I lat the premier of our dominion, the leader of the political party of the uay, governs the country and is the representative for the time being in tlie fullest degree of the free people in our country. 2i»th Century Is Canada's. One of our great .statecmen. in pay- ing a tribute to this great nation to N\hich you are so proud to belong, spoke of the fact that the nineteenth century was the century of the United tjtates on this continent, but that the twentieth century was Canada's cen- tury And I want you gentlemen here at the inception of this century to recall this statement as many of you win live to remember that prediction an I realize in the after days the fact that this twentieth century has in store a future and a destiny for those In C auada that many of you can now hardly appreciate. AlreaJy our trade has gone on by leaps and bounds and In the last ten years it has doubled; it has gone beyond the billion dollar mark; and in our agricultural possibilities, had I the exact information at hand, which my friend, the distinguished Mayor of Winnipeg knows. I think I could open your eyes quite a little bit wider as to the tremendous possibilities In store for us. and the wonderful future development that is to be ours in those western prairies, with their Il- limitable production in grain and wheat and all those things which are regarded by men of other nations aa essential to the needs of their people. Population Doubled In Twelve Years. You may say to me that our popula- tion is too small, that It is only eight millions. I want to remind you that that population has doubled in the last twelve .vears. And let me also my to you. my frionils. fhof on nrrniml of llii« fiici Ihiil our |>o|Miltillon Is Mniiill you must not roRnril us wllli Inillfrprpnrc. I-et mf« recull to you ttio fact that nil thp HHtions of fhp world whlcti hnvo Ipft their Impress throuKh history nn-l throuKh timo to the preront ('ay havo bcfn thp Kmaltor n:itionH; was It the wealth of CliaHpa anil K^ypt which pave to the world in after days those thlnirs which lived and were not for- icotten? Is It not a fact that the world owes a debt— whlcn lanf^uaKO is utterly Inadequate to exprens. not as rejcards condUlons of wealth or pop- ulation—to Judea for the religion which dominates the world. If population Is the only standard for the iudgmcrit of the prosperity or preatness of a nation, then China 1» the greatest nation In the world. IT you want to see what the little nations have given to the world, go through your history to little Athens and you will find their civilization don-' .atlng the world tot!ay: just as If vou go to Rome you will find we got from there the jurisprudence that governs the world today co-ordinately with that equally great Anglo-Saxon jurispru- dence. And we look forward with con- fidence and certainty to the roaliza- tlon of the fact that our nugnificont resources of all klnrls will, vhtn peaco shall once more come to this vorld, at- tract the appreciation of the men ( ! the older nations, and Immigration will come to Canada in such numbers that in the after days we will have ;i fully equal half of this great continent. No ClaHseN in Canada. Vou men of the South l)na?.t of t'lo fact that the founders of this country In your Declaration of Independence asserted that all men are born free and equal. Let me say to you that we in Canada have not imported Into our land any of the class distinctions which are to be found where feudal- ism reigns. A man may be born, through wealth or some other cause. In a magnificent castle, overlooking half a county; far down in the valley in the quiet home of a farmer in our land there may spring forth a boy from the loins of the agricultural lab- orer who, it is our proud boast, has the right to win, and has, in our land, won the same dl tinction, and even grontor disfuictlnn. than has come to lilm who was lH)rn In the raHtle, with all the favored opportunities surround- ing him. I want to remind you again of the fact because I find wherever I visit throughout your great country a curi- ous conception as to the conditions of government with us. I want to say to you In all frankness that we men in the northern clime have a greater freedom of government than • to be four ' In your great country. You elec president on the first Tuesday in November. When does he take of- fice? March of the following year. You elect congressmen in November as ex-Speaker Cannon was elected in November, 1914; when do they have the right to speak for "ju in your parliament? Not ur.cll the following November. — a year afterwards, unless perchance the president sees fit to call a special session of congress. With us the donffnant party of the d...- only holds office so long as It Is able to command a majority in the House of Commons; and when it goes to the people, from whatsoever cause, to ask them for re- newed confidence, if on election day it failr to obtain a majority of the electoral representatives of the peo- ple, inside of two weeks the people's will is effective and they do not have to wait until the 4th of ?^arch or the -•th of November following to put it into effect. The reason of the suc- cess of our system is that we have followed the experience of the con- stitutional government of the Anglo- Sa.xou race for all the years and that constitution has been produced by pre- celent based upon precedent. We have an iiit;titution of government w' ich has Ktood the test of centuries, and today we have the fullest measure of liberty for the people, the plain peo- ple ol our land, accompanied at all times with a strong executive that every moment responds to the neople's will during their holding of cfice. '^Canada Is Free." So, sir, let me say to you that as the result of these conditions and as a result of the natural inheritance and pos.slbllities that have come to us, there is not today a breeze thr.t blows over our fair land, stretching as It does from one ocean to the other and + 1 KfimtiT In oxtorU thnn thlw Rrrat r<- l.'ihtti iif yi)iirs. of which ydii .iro ko prnuil. Ihul doos not btnr with It th.* ,.,h') oi '• ■ "o which culls to pvcry ""» of o • to have prido in \in poHslbilii .|. utmost conlldfn«-.' In Its future. That idea hus hocn well ••xproHHod in •' ♦ rcKurd l»y ont- of our Canadian p^. «, who. wrItinK upon the subject, satd: "There Is no liind like our land. When , nilstreMs of our own. We lead the breed of empire To Kuard th" ancient throne. The old land keeps a welcome, And the alien frowns to .see. But this land Is our land. And Canada i:s free." That. Mr. Toastmaster, and Rentlemen, Is where this great Canadian land stands f) which I am so proud to be- long. The motherland has profited more than language can express by the mis- take file iiiiide in 1776. Enthralled with foreign wars, with state-men who, for the time being, were- oc- cupied with problems which concern- ed the fate of the nation at its center, every man of British blood today real- izes that the history of the relations of the mother country with the United States of America, her greatest col- ony at that time, is the greatest blot on the whole ' " (ory of the British Kmplre. But w.. .1 the relief came after the wars wt'-e over, and the good Queen Victoria canio to the throne, with her long i-eign of sixty years, there camo a time when a great- er concention as to the .Mghts and posKihiliiies of the nation over seas was born. Thi.t was the time when statesmen at 'he council net who knew the seasons when to tnke occa- sion by the hand and make tho; bounds of freedom wider yet. and so it was that there came to us in Canada our right of responsible government; where our free parliament can. with- out any veto whatever from the Im- perial representative, legislate in ac- cordance with whatever the Interests of the Canadian people may be: that was the ilRht accorded us and which we enjoy, and that policy was followed wherever the flag flies. Look ut South Africa, whore the most complete meas- ure of free government has been giv- en In l!HHi Oenernl lloiha led hie nit II who occupied what was then II republic !•■ Sdiiih Afrlta. the most Mir<»-i lul general 111 the army which toutrUt araiiisl (Jreal Britain then; iiiimeiliati !y after the wir was over there was k1v<ii to South Africa the Millie fi Kovernnn-nt that vve In '. an- u la enjoy. Anil today on that great < Miitinerii, v\l,ere ilie Intere its of our •tnplre were inipi Uled then, who i.s It thar leads the ..rniy ol our nation against the foe' Who hut this nii':i who only (Iftee short year^ ago might be deemed to he u rebel ailu was the niiiii WHO led the enemies of CJrea» Britain ami who fought aculnst the empire on I he Held. .\iiierlcti KIrol iiiitl l,Mi«t. I want to say to you. represent- ing as you do this (.pleiidid nietro- polltan city of the middle west, a city typic; • of your great nation, where cathered here from all part.-^^ of the old world iiie men of every race and speech, where you >tre perf( P'^ng u t.isk of buililliig together a ,. ity of sentinieni and nalionai splr'. there slio'ihj he a IVelliik' that lln' men who live on this si;le of the water sli.iuld have one aim In comrion. no matter from what land Miey ( onie or wl at speech they have learn<'(l. and shoulu be animated by the Idea that you are American^ always. I earnestly want you to understand what a splendid conception of government we have in that northern country of ours, and how it is we are able to govern ourselves as we do and to 11 ok forward to the huild'ng up in the northern ha' of the continent, of a nation apart from but friendly to your nation with just as much freedom and as complete representati-e govern- ment as you tc the south enjoy. No Oiebration in Cuiiadu. But. my frie .Is, this is S.. Andrew's Day. and I do not know that it would Irr (' been possible for me to have ac- <'e,)ted your generoi: invitation to tome I'.ere were it not lor the fact that we are not celebrating St. .\n- ilrew's Day in Canada this year. True you liave had commemorative :• le- grams from St. Andrew Societies throughout our lanil, as .-cad by oui- Toaslmasttr tonight, but from Sydne/ ?o< r;?,Xl°«"J |-«d<n« ,he band, o? ror'r arc*', 'Id;' e?.;; ':^r:^rZ t; rtookInK to tho BUndnrd. and thore u ..r» „f . ' * ■"' f'^en the pleaR- otherwlHe I wr.d'^hat V^^' aTSo with my own brother Scotchmen il^ oy»ng the «elobrat«on8 wh oh Te have' And I want to sav to vn in <i.i connection that we 1,'; "anaua were Kn .1 o thlK war: It w.s not u„tn (;a.mdianH r ,. tSkt ^a^'Lla„^ceffi rose upon this .,uo8tlon. And so w «« in th.. old days, when the flory InTh/?/ .""T »'«^<"«nd to hea-lland n the old land and the clanH rallied - , ^.?To"fl1h"/ '"!."• '^hiefUIn 'a„1 ,. """ to nght and do or die ho out rZ'T ^^l" «°"« '""h thrmigh- "I oin cfcotland are rallv'rir ♦#> .i,- standard and goln^ forfrtolight Z M?.'r ^'^"^ '^"^y believe to bo Mv fHl"V o" "' J"'''**"^ '^nd freedom haH S,*^' '•"' ™"y°'"' ^"o ««t8 by me 1, ...''', 5"'" ''<• haH two bovR J^t 'Jo>. has donned the kilts of hlH ancestors and joined a Highland H*iS*"^ ^hich was formed among the ^rl* V" o^^" ^''0 had been the follow! tll°lF''['"'^ ^"""e and which wis «,,»„.r .^V" *be front inside of two tTCJ'fheVg^h^.^ '°'- "^** »»« •>«»-" It ■>. ">*rv iiMiM men wh') i H«y a nation which wmiM h„ *^' *'•'"* evermore, helped tl at" "ve^hre Ha''nc;;Tav: rd'.'^^T ^^^ -"^ But Not Forced to Fight. tha^t"our7,"n«H.'^V° y°"' »y "-'^nds. inai our Canadian boys are not eoine- because somebody has told °hem to That, my friends, was the feeiin- whlch animated your %re«? «! ' when your men fought *a„T died "Jo « fch is animating the youn» ('«^ htr^rl!^ ' Germany succeeded in tuts great contest. That is whv m« friends, the Mayor's boys and my iSy have gone off; they owe no tribute to to'go'Tt' Hou^lV """'^ ^«"^«™ u^^\\^^d%\rrwtF-°^^- tSu\r rZTht^sL^riir^ zi ""land Ally years ago. "We «r« ardThou^i'r ^•"•*'''"" thre?hS;! areu thousand strong." So we r»Ti a d'"o7tie'oTdrnd"^ "^ ^olnrto"^??; be there in the day of victory I have ventured to dwell on this subject because I St" .k"" fhTr'"^..**" a representative S the Canadian people here in this great that you should know somethinar of he aspirations, something of the feel ngs which dominate the people in that great nation to the north I re" member that in the olden dav« L« were spoken of as a colony; Se'dayS "• 4 I unrtpr thr profc^n of conHtltutional de- velopment which ramp In the Vl«- «'nj..yi (ortfcy In the rmplre In not that of a rolnny. hut In .!,at of u dominion In an cmplrn. Mharl.iR in «'i|ual rIghtH and prIvllPBPH alon* with AnHtralla. Mouth Afrli H. and th.. mother land It- ■elf, all those rIffhtN and prlvlle^.N wh "h Ko u, make up « .omhlnatlon whtrh forms the empire of whlrh we are JuKt an nniih a part bh are the IslandN of (;reat Britain and Ireland, from whi' h our forefatherN rame. Natural IVarr.lntrrN. I am (turn thoNc of you who »lve „„ ,|,U Amrrhan rontlnent you Scotchmen who Imvo ,oni.- »nd thrown in your lot hi-re with the peopl.. who llv.. south of this ImiiKln- 'iry line f..rni."l by th.. St Lawrenr.. mver and tho (Jroat Inkes. who renli/.. that we who ii. n.tfurally a p.iMo- lovtnR people, th. we have a ('rstlny lo work out. a futurr to ho attained no matfor whether our nag Ih the old "aK of Britain or the Ktara anrt stripes, let mc fell you that your past '•H a nation is very Hinillar tr. the one that was wrought out by the nation w« are so proud to be associated with The men who forme'! the Aniflo-Saxon race are men wlio came from a com- liosito people; they were Angles and Saxons and Jutes and .Vormans- they were Welshmen. Scotchmen. Irishmen, all of them welded together by a com- mon language, a common history, a common aspiration, which in process of time went to make up the great Anglo-Saxon race which colonized this continent of America two hundred years ago to Virginia and Massa- chusetts. Those were the sons or the men who made up that composite race which makes what ^•e call today the British Em- pire; the task of welding and unit- "B them by a common sentiment and language was one which was wrought out by our forefathers by the sub- orllnation of interests, bv the Riving away of differences an! \vlping out of dividing lines. Here in the I'nitcl States of America you have the same tjiHlc your fatliers wrought across the oce!>n; here in this land of free- • lom you have men who came fiom Great Britain, you have men who came from all partN of the rontlnent of Ku- rope. Np«>aklnR different language* coming Into your great cHles; of what UHc will your future b«. unlesN those men forntet the lines upon which they are divided acroNH the ocean id they get t.wther • y prtMess of time to a re».|lzatl<m of the ict that their 'Itny lies v ith the land that In the land of their home and the land of their children, the land where th have come to make a livelihood. an>. that first and above all. the«r duty must Im. with that land, that they must be Americans first, last and all the time .Men «r K»prj >a(iHnallt). So we In ( nnnd.i have the Name task; we are only r< peatlnR the his- tory (.r the urii'.l ■ iilon from which your laiiKuai'e i ours has come we have got men i.f every nationality, .lust as you have; wo have got the FrcM,!, ,n gueliee who are Inj-plred bv • hr- nuniories of .mmny F'rance. anil who speak that languuKe and who are anlmeted by the same aspirations and afrected by all the considerations that appeal to people of the Gallic race And so on throughout the country we have men of all nations and languages We have the embryo of the problem which yru have yet to solve; we in Canada are watching to see how you will solve It. If the men who come to this land do not forg-^i their old prejudices, do not realize what their duty is, as I trust all you Scotchmen have done, to give allegiance to the land where their home is. I say. If they have not done that, then these great Tnited States will have failed In their mission and you will not have that unity which is so vitally neces- sary to make of your country what" you would wish it to be. We in Can- ada are working out the Fame prob- lem with our diversified races and religions scattered all over our vast country: we are hoping and believing that as the days go by there will be that unity of sentiment, so that a man no matter from what province or state he comes, no matter how proud he may be of his ancestry, will be proud lirst of all that he is a son of Caua'a. livinj; in and doing all ho «:"n to build up the ("anadiaii nation, ir we can nc-impiish that this war will not have been in vain; justice and frecrlom as wr understand it. and ns you men in tiie United States under- itand it, must win in tliis conflict; that is as certain as tliat the verities "f truth and faith will ultimately pre- Miil. This tw;^nliotli century does not I'-ook the continuance of an autocracy it alnst the povernn-ent of a free peo- ?!''• anywhere on this e.-iith. And, my friends, when Canada's sons shall liave come hon.e p.^ain we win believe that the ahf^ent ones will not have dlel in vain, those of them who will have left their hones in Flankers, or the "„i!- kans. or the Dardanelles. After your c'vil War wa.-; over your country ha-I a revival of patriotism, a stronirer realization of what 1Iie verities wen-, of what the necessities of nationhool were, an-! as for tliiity years you ha-l the march of that marvelous prosrress which has made yours almost the Kre^test nation in tho worh' to lay. because \-our people vere inspired by a nev,- frecvjom anil a renlization of what your rights and possibilitii'- were, just as l/ncoln outlined them almost at the in :>tion of t'le war. so we in Canada look for and believe that after this conflict is over, when tho battle flairs are fur'ed and the boys come home again, that in on- land there vil! be a deeper rea'- priviieces whu'ii izat'on of those iiave cenie to us almost un- souRht. without dilTicr.lties such as existed in your country before your fre(> om was atlaineri, f -r ours, iiave come alone; almost without a realiza- tion that thoy arrived and a develop- ment wliich will even exceed your splendid progress. The war will bring a deeper appreciation of those things anfl T hope and believe that the senti- ments; which were expres.-ed by your great president in his second inaugur- al addre;;s which he gave at Washing- ton only a short time before the as- sassination, when the world and your country were deprived ;/f his .rjreat services, are those which will domin- ate our people when this terrible war is over. Lincoln then said that tho duty of the American people "was "malice toward none, with charity to- "ward all, with firmness in the fight "as God gives us to see the right; let "us strive to finisa the work we are "in, to bind up the nation's wounds, "to care for him who has borne the "battle and for bis widow and for bis "orphans, to do all tbat we may "achieve a just and lasting peace "anioHK ourselves and with all na- "tions." I'niiid of Anirlo-MaxoiiN. That will be the set purpose of the proat nation to the north, to which 1 am so proud to belouB. And I would say to you again, speaking the same laiifniage tliat I do, cherishing as we do tlip l.'nguage and history of the Anglo-Saxon race from Boadicca down to Goorire V. animated by the memory of the glorious men who fought and (lied ill tlie intervening period, glory- ing in all the literature and all the arts and the distinctions which have boin won by that race during all that I)(!rio:l. we in the north, reading as we do your Longfellow and your Whittier, their poems and songs are found in our sdiools and are read by our clii^ldren an;l are gloried in as among tne most ^■pU'nriid achievements of tlie Knglii-h Innguage, and studying as we have in the north the utterances of your gveat statesmen and cherishing their wonderful orations, from Web- ster to Mr.'ivinley, I hope that these two great nations lying sidt by side will ever vie with each other in the cause of peace, that we will march along tlie path of time, each within our ov.i'. sphere, each seeking for that whicli \:\ gool within the other, and each admiring that which is best in the other. If we do that we will in the end be able to hasten the realization of the time spoken o2 by that great Scottish poet, whose songs and words are sung and spoken wherever Scotch- men be: "When man to man the world o'er, Shall brithers be for a.' that."